Culture of Saudi Arabia

Muslims generally observe modest dress, but the variety of styles and colors have various names depending on the country. Here is a glossary of the most common names of Islamic clothing for both men and women, along with photos and descriptions.

Worn loose, it lets the head move freely. This page was last edited on 11 October , at

Ghutrah (Arabic: غتره ‎) is a traditional keffiyeh headdress worn by men in the Arabian peninsula. It is made of a square of usually finer cotton cloth (
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The word thawb is the standard Arabic word for 'a garment'. It is the traditional Arabian clothing for men. It is the traditional Arabian clothing for men. It is sometimes spelled thobe or thaub.
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Common types of Arabic clothing for men include the thobe, the ghutra and egal, the bisht, the serwal, the shalwar kameez, the izar, and the turban. Clothing Items Worn by Islamic Men Search the site GO.

Muslims generally observe modest dress, but the variety of styles and colors have various names depending on the country. Here is a glossary of the most common names of Islamic clothing for both men and women, along with photos and descriptions.

Dirndl Lederhosen Poffer Poland Tracht. Tignon Western wear Bolo tie Chaps. Boilersuit Cleanroom suit Hazmat suit Space suit Scrubs. Retrieved from " https: Articles needing additional references from May All articles needing additional references Articles containing Arabic-language text Vague or ambiguous geographic scope from March Views Read Edit View history.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 11 October , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Hejazi Arabic , Najdi Arabic. Levant , Iraq , Kuwait , Oman , Iran. Sudan , Upper Egypt , Libya. Maghrebi Arabic , Berber.

Amharic , Afaan Oromoo. Top Bra Camisole Undershirt. Much like the other Levantinian countries, Syria has seen more and more men and women opting for Western style clothes. The majority of women wear a hijab and some sport a jilbab or even an abaya and niqab, while some older men can still be seen with keffieh and long tunics. Traditional clothes were once famous for the quality of their fabrics and the beauty of their embroideries, often in black and red.

However, they have basically disappeared from the urban areas and are worn in the countryside only on special occasions. It is dyed black and red and often accompanied by a belt of the same colour. They are long, loose and come in black or neutral colours. Jordanian and Syrian thobes share the same colours: When it comes to the Gulf it is pretty easy to spot its citizens as, differently from most other countries in the region, they have kept wearing their traditional clothes.

Women wear wide, long robes called abayas , usually in association with a shayla hijab that shows some hair and a niqab. Even if the thobes for the men and the abaya for the women may seem the same everywhere in the region, there are actuallysome small details that allow us to understand whether we are talking to a Qatari, a Kuwaiti or an Omani. Saudi men and women have kept wearing their traditional items of clothing and adherence to the moderate Islamic dress for both sexes is an absolute must.

Most people wear the following:. It has a two buttoned neck, it is tight and made to have cufflinks kabak. Here are the typical Kuwaiti garments:.

It is usually used for weddings, traditional dances and so on. This country might not be as big as Saudi Arabia, but it has certainly nothing left to be desired when it comes to history, biodiversity and, of course, clothes. Their traditional clothes are in line with the other Gulf countries, but have some special features which differentiate them. Worn loose, it lets the head move freely. The UAE has a complex fashion panorama.

While Dubai is the most progressive and up to date among the emirates, the other areas are more conservative in terms of clothing. Fashion here has evolved incredibly fast and if in the past sirwal and burqa were a must for women, they have been substituted by the abaya and even the white thobe now comes in a variety of colours. Dubai is the land of fashionable and trendy abayas decorated with sequins, embroideries and ribbons. Very simply styled and left loose over the shoulders.

It is collarless and features a long tassel called tarboosh. Emirati women in Dubai airport. The southern sultanate really cares about the integrity of its national heritage, clothing included. Western style clothes have no space in the country, with the exception of tourists of course.

They match it with loose fitting sirwals. It sports a short tassel, too. Omani family in Nizwa. This country has preserved an extraordinary heritage in terms of history and traditions.

Clothes are just one expression of how much Yemenis still follow their customs and their outfits show the region they come from: Still, it is not uncommon for men to wear Western clothes in the cities. Nowadays, only elderly women wear this colourful piece of cloth which covers them from head to toes.

It comes in many different colours. The more valuable ones have been used by the same family for generations. There are also cheaper daggers manufactured in China. Yemeni woman wearing a Sitara. The style of Sudan is unique and easily recognisable.

Sudanese wear many of the garments which are widespread in the rest of the Middle East, but in a brighter and more colourful version which reminds us of other African countries. While Western clothes are indeed used especially in the cities, some still prefer the loose fitting traditional items. It is wrapped all around the body and the head. It comes in varying patterns and colours, according to the occasion. It is generally donned by older women. They usually add a decorated scarf calledimmah.

Clothing in the Middle East is important business, perhaps even more than in the West. Clothes reveal so many things about not only the personality, but also the region and social class of the wearer.

Moreover, the choice of a certain item of clothing assumes a fundamental moral value. For example, some Arabs more or less consciously think that women without hijabs are more open minded, but also have fewer morals, while women with hijab are somewhat more religious and thus respectable. Thus, clothes in the Middle East are a fashion statement, just like they are in the West, but clothing has a stronger social and moral dimension, too.

As we have seen there is an infinite variety of Arab garments and what we have listed represents only a minimum part of it. Clothes remain a fundamental element in the cultural identity of each country in the Middle East. Some countries have followed Western footsteps in terms of fashion, namely the Levant and North Africa, while others are still holding on tight to their traditional attires like Saudi Arabia or Yemen.

While clothing might seem a superficial matter in Europe and America, this really is not the case in the Middle East.

However, funding for public sector may decline not expand in coming years. At least some experts expect the kingdom's expenditures to "exceed its oil revenues as soon as As a dangerous, illegal and so unregulated activity, crashes and fatalities sometimes occur.

Guest workers range in occupation from high skilled workers employed to jobs Saudis cannot do , to manual service workers doing jobs Saudis "will not do". One source places workers from Gulf oil producing countries at the top, [] another places Americans there, [] but all agree that Nationals from places like Bangladesh , Yemen and Philippines are at the bottom.

With a large number of unemployed Saudis, a growing population and need for government spending but stagnating oil revenues with which to pay foreign workers, the large number of expats has come to be seen as "an enormous problem" that "distorts" the Saudi economy and "keeps young people out of the labour market. Saudi Arabia expelled , Yemenis in and during the Gulf War due to Yemen's support for Saddam Hussein against Saudi Arabia, [] and cut the number of Bangladeshis allowed to enter Saudi in after the Bangladeshi government cracked down on the Islamist Jamaat-e Islami party there.

The Saudi—Yemen barrier was constructed by Saudi Arabia against an influx of illegal immigrants and against the smuggling of drugs and weapons. Treatment of foreign workers is also an issue.

According to Human Rights Watch , as of , there was a "worrying trend" of expatriate domestic workers filing "complaints of exploitation and abuse" only to face counter-allegations by their employers of "theft, witchcraft or adultery. The Arabian Peninsula has a long tradition of slavery and ethnically, Saudis have a range of skin color "from very light to very dark and features from Caucasian to African", a testimony to ethnicity of the slaves that intermarried over the centuries with natives of the region.

Saudi Arabian cuisine is similar to that of the surrounding countries in the Arabian Peninsula, and has been heavily influenced by Turkish, Persian, and African food.

Animals are slaughtered in accordance with halal Islamic dietary laws , which consider pork impure najis and alcohol forbidden haram. As a general rule, Saudis like other Muslims consider impure pork to be disgusting, but forbidden alcohol a temptation.

Consequently, dietary laws regarding the former are more strictly observed than those regarding the latter. According to some observers Harvey Tripp and Peter North , though the kingdom is a "prohibition state", "discreet consumption" of alcohol by foreigners and even by Saudis is tolerated by authorities. Both home brewed "sidiqui" and black market imports are consumed. Flat, unleavened bread is a staple of virtually every meal, as are dates and fresh fruit.

Coffee, served in the Arabic style , is the traditional beverage. The appearance of modern supermarkets and commercial restaurants starting in the s has changed Saudi culinary habits. International cuisine, particularly fast food, has become popular in all Saudi urban areas i. Coffee is often served "with great ceremony", and it is customary to drink two or three cups to indicate your approval of the coffee. Cups are refilled unless a gesture—shaking your cup—is made to indicate you've had enough.

Educated Saudis are well informed of issues of the Arab world , the Muslim world , and the world at large, but freedom of the press and public expression of opinion are not recognized by the government.

Most Saudi Arabian newspapers are privately owned but subsidized and regulated by the government. Labor unions and political parties are prohibited in the kingdom, although a few underground political parties do exist. The government has created a national " Consultative Council " which is appointed not elected, and does not pass laws , and has given permission for certain "societies" to exist though they have little ability to influence government policy.

Limited non-partisan municipal elections were held in Association football soccer is the national sport in Saudi Arabia. In recent years, some Saudi players have become skilled enough to play in Europe. Basketball known as soccer is also popular. The Saudi Arabian national basketball team won the bronze medal at the Asian Championship. While spectator sport is popular, participant sport is less so, possibly because of the heat of the climate for most of the year, and the difficulty of playing football and other sports in traditional clothing.

Camel racing is a uniquely Arabian sport practiced in the kingdom and the UAE that still has some mass popularity. There are camel racetracks in most of the kingdom's major centres, and races for prize money on many weekends throughout the winter months. Like racehorses, camels with breeding pedigrees may be very valuable. In Saudi Arabia included women in its Olympic team for the first time.

Two female athletes—a runner and judoka—participated. The inclusion followed international criticism for years of exclusion, [] but was controversial in the kingdom, and "prompted some to abuse the morals" of the athletes on social media. As of April , Saudi authorities in the education ministry have been asked by the Shoura Council to consider lifting a state school ban on sports for girls with the proviso that any sports conform to Sharia rules on dress and gender segregation, according to the official SPA news agency.

Visual arts tend to be dominated by geometric, floral, and abstract designs and by calligraphy. Sunni Islam traditionally prohibits creating representations of people, and from the 18th century onward, Wahhabi fundamentalism discouraged artistic development inconsistent with its teaching.

With the advent of oil wealth in the 20th century came exposure to outside influences, such as Western housing styles, furnishings, and clothes. The ten-day-long Jenadriyah National Festival celebrates the founding of the kingdom and showcases Saudi culture and heritage, traditional crafts such as pottery and woodcutting, folk dance and traditional songs.

Music and dance have always been part of Saudi life. Al-sihba folk music has its origins in al-Andalus. In Mecca , Medina and Jeddah , dance and song incorporate the sound of the mizmar , an oboe -like woodwind instrument , in the performance of the mizmar dance. The drum is also an important instrument according to traditional and tribal customs.

Samri is a popular traditional form of music and dance in which poetry is sung. Of the native dances, the most popular is a martial line dance known as the Al Ardha , which includes lines of men, frequently armed with swords or rifles, dancing to the beat of drums and tambourines.

As one non-Saudi described it, the performance consists of: Bedouin poetry is a cultural tradition in Saudi Arabia. According to Sandra Mackey , author of The Saudis: Inside the Desert Kingdom , "the role that formal poetry, prose, and oratory play in Saudi culture is totally alien to Western culture.

Some Saudi novelists have had their books published in Aden , Yemen , because of censorship in Saudi Arabia. Despite signs of increasing openness, Saudi novelists and artists in film , theatre , and the visual arts used to face greater restrictions on their freedom of expression than in the West, things are starting to change nowadays and a lot of contemporary novelists and artists are being well known in Saudi Arabia and internationally.

During the s, cinemas were numerous in the kingdom although they were seen as contrary to tribal norms. As of ,Rinemas opened in multiple cities including iyadh and Jeddahh. Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman's Vision should bring cinemas back to the country in early Culture and Customs of Saudi Arabia. Otto, Jan Michiel Tripp, Harvey; North, Peter Culture Shock, Saudi Arabia. A Guide to Customs and Etiquette. Times Media Private Limited. A Survival Guide to Customs and Etiquette. Saudi Arabia 3rd ed.

Saudi Arabia 4th ed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Women's rights in Saudi Arabia. Foreign workers in Saudi Arabia. Media of Saudi Arabia. Sport in Saudi Arabia. Women's sport in Saudi Arabia. Music of Saudi Arabia. List of Saudi Arabian writers. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. Saudi Arabia portal Culture portal. A welcome change", SaudiGazette. Archived from the original on Retrieved 28 April But with the accession of [King] Abdullah, the battlefield changed.

If the king wanted a holiday, the king could grant it, and whatever the clerics might mutter, the people approved. Since the night of September 23 has become an occasion for national mayhem in Saudi Arabia, the streets blocked with green-flag-waving cars, many of them sprayed with green foam for the night. Saudi princes throw parties boasting drink, drugs and sex World news.

The Guardian 7 December Retrieved on 9 May Bahrain changes the weekend in efficiency drive , The Times , 2 August Retrieved 25 June The New York Review of Books. By the estimate of an elementary schoolteacher in Riyadh, Islamic studies make up 30 percent of the actual curriculum. But another 20 percent creeps into textbooks on history, science, Arabic, and so forth.

In contrast, by one unofficial count the entire syllabus for twelve years of Saudi schooling contains a total of just thirty-eight pages covering the history, literature, and cultures of the non-Muslim world. Nine out of ten titles published in the kingdom are on religious subjects, and most of the doctorates its universities awards are in Islamic studies.

Secularist are simply not to be found. International Religious Freedom Report ". Retrieved 14 October A Comparative Study, p 93 Daniel E. Retrieved 23 February Retrieved 27 July Retrieved June 4, Retrieved 20 February Archived from the original on 21 March Retrieved 20 March Retrieved 10 February

Arab Clothing: The Ultimate Guide The Middle East is a variegated and colourful universe when it comes to clothes and attires for both men and women. It is a complex reality where local traditions and Western fashion mix. of results for "arab clothing for men" Showing selected results. See all results for arab clothing for men. H HrokkMen's Muslim Solid White Business Saudi Arabic Thobe. by H Hrokk. $ - $ $ 25 $ 59 99 Prime. FREE Shipping on eligible orders. Some sizes/colors are Prime eligible. The word thawb is the standard Arabic word for 'a garment'. It is the traditional Arabian clothing for men. It is the traditional Arabian clothing for men. It is sometimes spelled thobe or thaub.